Metal Properties: Carbon Steel

Steel is one of the most crucial construction metals in the world. This may be common knowledge, but many do not understand the difference between carbon steel and other types of steel. Like any other specific type of steel, the carbon version of this metal not only contains specific properties unique to itself, but also boasts both unique advantages when compared to other types of steel.

Common Properties of Carbon Steel

Carbon steel is any type of steel that contains over 0.8% carbon but less than 2.11% carbon in its composition. Typically, the average level of carbon found in this metal falls right around the 1.5% mark. Carbon steel has a reputation for being particularly hard, but the extra carbon also makes it more brittle than other types of steel. This type of steel is the most likely to fracture when misused.

Benefits of Carbon Steel

Carbon steel pipe is highly resistant to shock and vibration. Fluctuating water pressure or shock pressure from a water hammer have little effect on steel. Today’s heavy traffic conditions impose much stress on roadway foundations. Carbon steel pipe is practically unbreakable in transport and service, and for this reason it is okay to lay water mains under roadways.

The high tensile strength of steel in addition to its elasticity and ductility allow pipes to be used safely for very high pressures. A carbon steel pipe can be made much thinner than pipes made from other materials, so they have a greater carrying capacity than pipes of other materials with the same diameter.

  • Safe and durable
  • Environmentally-friendly
  • Cost-effective

Applications of Carbon Steel

Carbon steel remains popular for a wide variety of uses. This type of steel is preferred in the manufacturing of many tools such as:

  • drill bits
  • knives
  • masonry nails
  • saws
  • metal cutting tools
  • woodcutting tools

These are just the properties of carbom steel. Stay tuned for the rest of metal properties series. Don’t hesitate to contact Bryan Hose & Gasket with the link below for more information on stainless steel properties.

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